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Image from page 303 of “Labrador, the country and the people” (1909)
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Identifier: labradorcountryp02gren
Title: Labrador, the country and the people
Year: 1909 (1900s)
Authors: Grenfell, Wilfred Thomason, Sir, 1865-1940
Subjects: Natural history
Publisher: New York, The Macmillan co.
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress

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Text Appearing Before Image:
he trappers form a class apart fromthe rest of the shore people. They seldom come out tothe coast, their winter industry keeping them far inlandand their summer salmon-catching being convenient in notforcing them to transfer their families very far down thebays. There is, however, every gradation, from the moun-taineer Indian, who does nothing all the year but trap andkill deer, through the Eskimo, who once only killed seals,but now even catches furs and fishes, to the man wholives entirely out of the water, i.e. never outfits for thewinter furring. Until 1905 the trade of all these people was carried onby two great companies, the Hudsons Bay Company andthe Moravian Missions. The Hudsons Bay Companyoriginally dealt only with Indians, but the intermarriageand settling of their own imported servants have built upa class which beats the Indians at their own industry, andnow does a far larger trade in fur. The Indians are reducedto a mere handful, while the strong Scotch and Norwegian 226

Text Appearing After Image:
THE Missioys 22T stock is steadily gro-^ing and displacing both Indians andEskimo. Farther north, the Mora^dans care for the Eskimo.The Hudsons Bay Company have also made a bid for theirtrade, establishing posts at Xachvak (since abandoned)and at Ungava. At present the ]Ioraians have six stations. The mostnortherly station is that at Killinek, or Cape Chidley.Here the Eskimo, attracted b}^ the excellent seal-fishery,walrus, and white-whale fisher}^ to be had at the cape,have gathered from the northeast coast and from UngavaBay. Though the turbulent currents and whirlpools aredangerous to kayaks, the Eskimo have no fear of ^enturingout, and, at times, cross to the Button Islands to himtthere. A man with his family ^ill, m the spring, transferall his belongings to a pan of ice at Fort Chimo, and live byhunting and shooting on the floating ice till he arrives atthe cape, one hundred and eighty miles distant. He findsno monotony, feels no cold, and knows no fear of conditionswhich would

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